The Dark Side of IT: Researcher Reverse-Engineers Pacemaker Transmitter To Deliver Deadly Shocks


Yesterday, at the BreakPoint security conference in Melbourne researcher Barnaby Jack said in a speech that he has found a way to hack into pacemakers. And the consequences of that are deadly. Anonymous assassinations within 30 feet of the pacemaker seem to be possible. : ‘In a video demonstration, which Jack declined to release publicly because it may reveal the name of the manufacturer, he issued a series of 830 volt shocks to the pacemaker using a laptop. The pacemakers contained a “secret function” which could be used to activate all pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in a 30 foot -plus vicinity. … In reverse-engineering the terminals – which communicate with the pacemakers – he discovered no obfuscation efforts and even found usernames and passwords for what appeared to be the manufacturer’s development server. That data could be used to load rogue firmware which could spread between pacemakers with the “potential to commit mass murder.”

“The worst case scenario that I can think of, which is 100 percent possible with these devices, would be to load a compromised firmware update onto a programmer and … the compromised programmer would then infect the next pacemaker or ICD and then each would subsequently infect all others in range,” Jack said.

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