The next generation of computers: Bio computers and Quantum computers
Moore’s law will break down
In 1965 Intel’s co-founder Gordon Moore made a prediction about the power of computer chips. Moore predicted that the power of computer chips would double every 18 months. This prediction became known as Moore’s law, and has been inspiring Intel’s innovations. Up till this day Moore’s law has ever since been correct. However, scientist believe that maintaining Moore’s law will become quite difficult. They predict that the speed at which computer power is currently being developed, will gradually decline by the end of this decade. Over the years chip producers have been cramming more and more transistors on a single computer chip. As a result that they have reduced the production process of chips to a microscopic scale. But the increasingly smaller production process brings problems. One major problem with the current silicon technology would be heat generation. A problem which becomes bigger with the increasingly smaller production process.
Alternatives to silicon chips
At the moment Intel and its competitors are maintaining Moore’s law by use of multicore chips to achieve parallel computing. But even Intel has admitted that silicon technology eventually will come to an end. Therefore a number of alternative computer technologies have been proposed. Scientists have proposed optical computers, bio computers, and even molecular computers. Because of massive parallel computing, a bio computer would only require several hours to perform analysis on a huge amount of information. This far surpasses the centuries it would take for our conventional computers .
The power of quantum computing
In the long run there is a good possibility that we will see quantum computers. Quantum computers can truly be seen as the ultimate computers. They would probably mark a leap forward in computing power far greater than the transition from the very first calculator to a modern day supercomputer. The potential power of quantum computers truly is mind boggling. A quantum computer basically is a massive parallel processing machine. Which means that it can work on millions of calculations simultaneously. Whereas a conventional computer works on one calculation at a time in sequence. However, don’t expect to see a quantum computer anytime soon.