What will the future hold for A.I. and its effects on human life


Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software. As technology becomes more sophisticated at a very fast pace, A.I. is becoming seriously realistic development rather than just a sci-fi geek’s wet dream. The idea of self-thinking and/or self-aware machines is nothing new and the speculations about whether A.I. is a positive development or not vary greatly. A dystopian scenario of A.I. going wrong was portayed in The Terminator and The Matrix movie series. A more subtle example is the movie Ex-Machina that was released on only recently (Watch this one!). The discussion about A.I. is however no longer in the hands of movie writers and directors.

Artificial intelligence is the attempt to recreate human thoughts, creating a machine with intellectual abilities. The first question to spring to mind is: why do we need machines to do more than assembly line and repetitive processing work? The answer lies with computers themselves. Although the possibilities of what computers can calculate are limitless, they will always be constrained by the input. The computer is incapable of solving problems autonomously . In other words, it can only solve problems it has been programmed to solve, rather than being able to analytically solve problems by itself.

Many industries are interested in having these kinds of capabilities. Examples are the automotive (self-driving cars) and aviation industries, transportation, and gaming and hospitals and medicine sectors. I would like to get into the detail of a much more controversial environment; the weapons industry. Companies have been heavily investing in autonomous weaponry. On the one hand these companies argue that A.I. will make battlefields/warzones ‘safer’ for civilians. On the other, big names in the technology-scene (e.g. Steve Wozniak, Stephen Hawking) are asking governments to stop these developments to prevent an A.I. arms race. In the wrong hands, A.I. weaponry is highly dangerous. Tesla CEO Elon Musk even went as far as calling it more dangerous than nukes. Well-known scientist Stephen Hawking supports him with this notion as I quote

“Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete and would be superseded”. In other words, machines that can update themselves will evolve at a much pace than the human race. He even calls it the potential end of the human race.

Personally I would not go as far as Mr Hawking and I do see a lot of benefits for specific industries. I can’t however ignore that serious negative aspects A.I. can bring with its development. Machines at this point are only able to mimic human behavior rather than initiating it themselves. It will be some years, maybe decades, before the major breakthroughs will become to appear of true A.I. I just hope by that time humans have figures out how to stay in control.

What are your thoughts on A.I and how/where it should be applied? And do we need some sort of a control mechanism over scientists to prevent the dark side of A.I.? Or is it all just sci-fi based fear of the unknown?

http://phys.org/news/2015-01-artificial-intelligence-benefit-society-threats.html

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/10/artificial-intelligence-will-not-become-a-frankensteins-monster-ian-winfield

http://www.ibtimes.com/elon-musk-stephen-hawking-steve-wozniak-say-no-skynet-call-ai-weapons-ban-2026197

http://science.howstuffworks.com/robot6.htm

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-30290540

By Max van Hilten

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About maxhilt

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3 responses to “What will the future hold for A.I. and its effects on human life”

  1. fabianoverschie says :

    Artificial Intelligence can bring major advantages with it.
    For instance the robot build in 2011 in Texas, named ‘Xenex Germ-Zapping Robots’. The robot is already active in more than 200 hospitals and could disinfect 20 until 52 hospitalrooms per day. The robot can’t guarantee a fully 100% clean room, but in combination with manual disinfection, it can kill 90% of the bacteria. The outcomes of the studies are already auspicious.

    In my opinion Artificial Intelligence should only be used in a supportive role, such as the Xenex robot. The robot supports the cleaners which has a positive outcome on the health of the patients.

    I think if Artificial Intelligence is used for other purposes, such as robot policemen (seen in the movie ‘Chapie’ (2015)), things will eventually go wrong. The advantage of the robot policemen would be the human life savings. The downside however would be the usage of robots further than policemen. People will probably use them in wars as you’ve mentioned.

    Other downsides are also the lack of personal contact. Everything nowadays needs to go faster and more efficient. Robotification will lead to a less socialized society. Robotification will also lead to an increase of the unemployment rate. And since nowadays already a lot of people are complaining about not getting a job, I’ve got my fingers crossed what the future will look like after Artificial Intelligence is fully implemented into the society.
    Moreover, an increase of unemployment could lead to a bigger gap between the rich and poor, since robots cost money.

    As a conclusion: I think Artificial Intelligence should be only used for supportive purposes or used in a way a process will be more efficient without the cost of people.

    For the future, I don’t think A.I. will be only used for supportive purposes. Despite the downsides I’ve mentioned, I’m also really curious of what the society is capable of in using A.I. I’m looking forward to all the innovations.

    Internet sources:
    http://www.xenex.com/research-and-results
    http://www.telegraaf.nl/gezondheid/e-health/23933132/__Schoonmaakrobot_doodt_superbacterie__.html

    Best regards,
    Fabian Overschie
    375226fo

  2. 356802pb says :

    I agree with the statement that artificial intelligence should only be used in a supportive role written by Fabian Overschie. This brings a lot of advantages that could help different kind of sectors, like the hospital example.

    Although there are major advantages that comes with artificial intelligence, it is also possible that it brings a threats to the human race. Recently, this question has been discussed by various scientists. In an article post by The Washington Post, Physicist Stephen Hawking states that artificial intelligence could be a serious threat to the human race. The same question was asked to Bill Gates, and he points out the danger of artificial intelligence. He even quotes ‘with artificial intelligence we are summoning the demon.’

    Also the chief executor of Tesla, Elon Musk, is in the camp that is concerned about artificial intelligence. He stated on his Twitter account that artificial intelligence is more dangerous than nuclear weapons. Robots can do jobs for us that doesn’t require a lot of intelligence, but there is a possibility that in a long-term we lose control about certain intelligence.

    In a interview with the BBC, Eric Horvitz states that the intelligence isn’t a threat at all to the human race. He quotes: “I think that we will be very proactive in terms of how we field AI systems, and that in the end we’ll be able to get incredible benefits from machine intelligence in all realms of life, from science to education to economics to daily life.”

    I agree with mr. Horvitz, that we gain major advantages with artificial intelligence. I do believe that it should only be used in a supportive kind of way, like in a hospital. It also should be controlled step by step, viewing the consequences of each innovation regarding artificial intelligence.

    I am curious what the future will bring, and which camp was on the right side. Will artificial intelligence mean the end of the human race, or will it bring great advantages?

    Internet sources:

    -https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2015/01/28/bill-gates-on-dangers-of-artificial-intelligence-dont-understand-why-some-people-are-not-concerned/
    -http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-31023741

  3. 356802pb says :

    Comment above was posted by P. de Bruijn 356802pb

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