How will traditional grocers compete against Internet retailers such as HelloFresh and Amazon in the future?
Grocery shopping is a time-consuming activity, especially in todays frantic world where time is of essence to most people. The rise of both partners in a household having stable jobs minimises the time available to do groceries even further. According to market research by US company Time Institute, the average customer spends 41 minutes in a store. Considering the 9 to 5 workday, that takes up almost 5% of your remaining day if you include the hours you spend sleeping. On top of that, sorting your food, preparing it, eating it, and cleaning up will amount to some 3 hours and 27 minutes according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Wouldn’t it be very convenient if you could cut those hours by the time spent doing groceries?
This is what Internet retailers such as HelloFresh are offering. They provide an array of meal plans for individuals, partners, and families, and have weekly changing menus for a variety of food options. Of course they do not actually cook the meal or clean up for you, however they will eliminate your task of having to go out, buy food, and come back. As you would probably guess, this is offered for a premium price, but are consumers willing to spend this extra money for the convenience? And furthermore, is it sustainable to deliver fresh groceries?
If we look at the retail giant Amazon, we can apply the same to a slightly different concept – food delivery, not meal delivery. Its services are already in full operation in the United States and the United Kingdom. An expansion is also planned for Germany, Amazons biggest market in Europe. However, the business model has one major downside that newcomers could not cope with: it is barely a break-even operation. Giants such as Amazon can handle losing out or breaking even in a business model, especially when it comes with positive network effects. Shoppers that are Amazon Fresh customers automatically receive everything Amazon Prime users do as well. Thus they are very likely to contribute to other non-grocery item orders.
Newcomers that step right into the game, offering online groceries and meals only, have the disadvantages that they do not posses a network yet, nor can they leverage losses. This makes it very attractive for consumers to turn to Amazon for example instead of going to HelloFresh.
Nevertheless, this puts traditional grocers at risk because the in-store grocery shopping is increasingly being replaced by online orders. I believe soon enough we could come to a point where grocery stores do not sell non-perishable and non-food products anymore (to say the least), but merely fresh items such as meats, fruits, and vegetables (if it still remains profitable for them to do so), whilst online grocers will take care of the rest.
The grocery shopping industry is in the end still very inefficient when you look at all the points at which groceries can be traced back to. The documentary FoodInc from Netflix states that the average distance a meal travels before it ends in a grocery store in the US is something like 1,200 miles (if I remember correctly). Cutting out the traditional grocer could be a method to reduce that travel distance of food, or at the very least speed up the time it takes for an item to reach your kitchen at home.
The Internet of Things is here, and it will not hesitate with its introduction. It seems as if more and more apps and devices that solve everyday problems are emerging by the second. We now have smart thermostats that adjust the temperature automatically based on time of the day, what room in the house is being used the most, and many other variable inputs. We have smart watches that measure your blood pressure, track your steps taken throughout the day, how often you stand up..etc. Name almost any everyday task, and undoubtedly someone will have come up with a way to automate it.
The question that arises here: What do we do with all of this information?
The rate at which data is created is enormous, in fact its so fast that its almost impossible to fathom the actual amount of data that exists. But as we gain more and more data on things like our habits, we must figure out ways to use them efficiently. It is not efficient to have a million devices that each measure something independently, nor would anyone want to have that (unless maybe they are a gadget geek). Rather, what we strive for in the Internet of Things age is to integrate and combine devices, to create communication between devices that actually works. We are hoping to negate having to manually enter for example your food log from your iPhone app to your grocery list so that you don’t forget to restock on your bananas for tomorrow’s study session in the library.
This brings me to the topic of APIs (application program interface), or in other words basically the ground rules of how one software interacts with another. With the increasing number of products that interact, comes an increasing complexity in the APIs. In light of this, companies such as Google are creating a move towards an API-centric future, creating a standard that will make the interaction between devices easier. This movement is currently on the rise and developers must step into the game and join. It is predicted that those who fail to join this movement could fall out of business, as products such as self-driving cars for example are great examples of the importance of acquiring and training talented individuals that work with the APIs.
Do you think that the world is ready for such a fundamental shift, or will firms lag behind or fail to acknowledge the importance of this movement?